National Resilience - Israel’s Domestic Challenges: Education, Law and Order, Democracy & Media
The formidable challenges facing Israel on the global and regional scene only serve to underwrite the essential and urgent need to attend to critical issues on the domestic national agenda. Israel's capacity to pursue its national interests and enhance its international influence extensively depends on policies applied at home. The relationship between the domestic agenda and the pursuit of national interests is straightforward. The growing societal inequality and rate of poverty pose a threat to the resilience of the society, which is exceptionally critical as the homefront is one of the main targets of Israel's enemies.
A comprehensive reading of national security, which views domestic challenges as building blocks of national security and power, has become the norm and practice of most liberal democracies. This is also the underlying concept of the Herzliya Conference Series. The Institute for Policy and Strategy has launched policy studies in the following areas:
· Enhancing Education and Employment: Preserving Economic Growth, Addressing Poverty
The major domestic challenge facing Israel is to preserve its impressive economic growth trajectory while urgently addressing growing socio-economic inequality and polarization. Therefore, there is a vital imperative to launch a long-term grand-strategy to increase human capital, employment and labor income rates of the socio-economically disadvantaged members of Israel's society – focusing primarily on education and employment.
· Tackling Socio-Economic Inequality through Education
At the dawn of this century's second decade, Israel's schools lag behind. When bearing in mind that Israel is rightfully considered – by friends and foes alike – a technological path-blazer of innovation and a scholastic society – the state of its education art is alarming and bears concerning consequences on Israel's capacity to remain a technological and innovative hub.
· The Socio-Economic Integration of Arab Israelis
Tackling under-development among Arab Israelis is not only essential for enhancing the social and economic integration of what makes up 20 percent of Israel's population; it is one of Israel's major untapped sources of future potential economic growth.
· Performance Based-Governance: Maximizing the Potential of Economic Competitiveness
Israel's economic competitiveness fails to maximize its potential due to a distinct and growing disadvantage in governance. Whereas governance in developed countries is increasingly efficient by minimizing bureaucratic burden and enhancing policy stability in ways that benefit the business community, Israel is characterized by both lack of stability and a growing regulative and bureaucratic burden.